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Yasukatsu Matsushima

Author:Yasukatsu Matsushima
1963年琉球石垣島生まれ。石垣島、南大東島、与那国島、沖縄島にて育つ。

その後、東京、グアム、パラオ、沖縄島、静岡、京都、滋賀にて学び、働き、生活する。

著書に『沖縄島嶼経済史―12世紀から現在まで』藤原書店、2002年
『琉球の「自治」』藤原書店、2006年
『島嶼沖縄の内発的発展―経済・社会・文化』(編著)藤原書店、2010年、
『ミクロネシア―小さな島々の自立への挑戦』早稲田大学出版部、2007年
『琉球独立への道』法律文化社、2012年
『琉球独立論ー琉球民族のマニフェスト』バジリコ、2014年
『琉球独立ー御真人の疑問にお答えします』Ryukyu企画、2014年
『琉球独立宣言ー実現可能な5つの方法』講談社文庫、2015年
『民際学の展開ー方法論・人権・地域・環境の視座から』(編著)晃洋書房、2012年
『琉球列島の環境問題ー「復帰」40年・持続可能なシマ社会へ』(編著)高文研、2012年
『3・11以後何が変わらないのか』(共著)岩波書店、2013年
『島嶼経済とコモンズ』(編著)晃洋書房、2015年
Yasukatsu Matsushima

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グアムは植民地である5

グアム在住のチャモロ人の声です。
次のベナベンテさんは、私がグアムに住んでいた13年ほど前に話を直接聞いた方です。彼はチャモロネーションという、グアムの民族、チャモロ人の自己決定権を行使する団体の代表でした。

グアムの自治、自立、独立、反基地運動等について話を聞きました。

今でもこのように声をあげ続けておられ、感動しました。

自己決定権、植民地、脱植民地、自治を国際法、国際的な議論を踏まえてやり、グアムには独立、自由連合国の選択肢を選ぶ権利があると訴えています。





On Guam as a Colony
Letter to the Editor
by
Eddie L.G. Benavente
Mangilao, Guam
(Marianas Variety)

I found Dr. Ron McNinch?s recent column, ?Politics and Status? quite interesting. (Mar
ianas Variety Guam March 10, 2011.)

I just find it amusing that he would use one issue
, although significant, to be the wake- up call for our leaders to realize we?ve been
ignored for a long time.

The political reality is that Washington historically has always ignored grievances expressed by our political leaders, since the early 1900s.


Dr. McNinch argues that Guam is not really a colony. Like his predecessors of the same
affinity, he paints a rosy picture that Guam is pretty much self-governing.

I initial
ly thought perhaps the professor didn?t understand the concepts of colonization, non-s
elf-governing territories, full self-government, de-colonization and self-determinatio
n in the context of international definition and application.

However, his credentials
at the University speak for themselves.

His ?bottom line simple approach? in resolving our problems with the federal governmen
t gives the impression that achieving a new political status is pretty much petty and
for the moment.

I thought the professor had a profound approach for the administering
power to finally comply with treaties so our people can finally have the opportunity t
o exercise their right to self-determination.

But this was not the case.

Instead, like others before him, he tends to ridicule and put the blame on our
self-defeating government and cowardly local leaders.

Moreover, McNinch suggests perhaps we should move toward an organic-act constitution,
(the old ?cart before the horse? which literally means ?let?s forget about political s
tatus and settle for a constitution?).

He then concludes by asserting that independenc
e and free association are not very good status options.

Wow! That leaves statehood as the only option, as opposed to the three choices in the
Treaty.

He defends this assertion by saying that with the exception of Singapore all o
ther nations have become ?Third World.?

I couldn?t believe these suggestions were coming from a learned individual who teaches
in Guam?s highest institution of learning.

What does this all mean? Does it mean that
independence is only good for some nations and not for others?

Are nations who choose
independence not entitled to evolve?

How and who measures what constitutes ?Third Wor
ld??

Would Belau or the Republic of the Philippines, for example, fall under his
definition of Third World? Or are the people who hold this mindset just making these
absurd assertions to maintain the status- quo?

Could it be that the political science professor is not aware of the Treaty signed
and ratified by the United States back in December, 1946?

Is McNinch aware that the Treaty of 46? requires the United States Mission to the Unit
ed Nations to submit reports annually to the Secretary General and other entities with
in the United Nations regarding Chamoru political, social and economic development?

If we were truly self-governing why would the administering power continue to report t
o the UN on Guam?s political development?

He said it himself, that when he writes, it
is in his nature to agitate some people. I welcome any intellectual discourse on the s
ubject of self-determination, but reject any notion that ?all is good? in a colony.

A detractor to the process of de-colonization and someone who advocates perpetual
hegemony of a people is no different than a slave master who opposes the
emancipation of blacks.

I truly feel that these political experts should stop coming up with unrealistic
solutions.

There is a system already in place that was conceived by the United
States and 50 other nations back in 1946. Over a hundred nations within the United
Nations have gone through this process. There are only 16 Territories remaining that
have yet to de-colonized, Guam being one of them.

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